Dulce et Decorum Est

  1. In the Literatuee class, Pato left us some questions on her blog to work in pairs. I worked with Otto Kreutzer, here is what we did:

Task 1:

First Stanza


2) In the first stanza it is described how the soldiers were going from trench to trenches. He uses the word “blood-shod”  which means that the soldiers were walking with boots full of blood. The emotions expressed are, fatigue, depression and shock.


3) “Bent double, like old beggars under sacks”


4) The shells were disappointed because they represent the dead soldiers left behind and the exhaustment of the soldiers who survived.


Second Stanza


1)In the second stanza, the emotion changes when someone warns the rest of the soldiers about a gas bomb. So, they run for their lives, with no matter of the fatigue described in the first stanza


2) The soldiers were fumbling because of the weakening work they were doing, they could not walk properly. Also, they could be failing to hold their guns properly because they were “out of gas”


3) “As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.”


Third stanza


1)The length of the third stanza indicates a shift in time as the narrator relates how many years after the war he still recalls this traumatic event. This makes emphasis. ln how the impact of the war is felt for many years. In addition, this stanza is short because of what it represents to the writer, no one wants to remember horrible things which caused you a big emptiness and depression


Fourth Stanza


1)The main emotion of this stanza, is that the soldiers were treated very bad, the narrator feels used, like a slave and that if he dies, no one will remember him or what he did.


2) One part affected by this gas, is obviously the lungs, this gas difficulties the respiration. The eyes because is difficult to see and lastly the tongue.


3) It refers to the contrast in this simile that highlights how youth, innocence and their dreams are destroyed by war.


Extension question:

  1. We liked the poem because it tackles what really happens in war that we are not able to see. The emotions in this poem are very present when in the fourth stanza, it says that the soldiers were devastated by war, were treated inadequately for the hard work they were doing for their country and that they were going to be forgotten by people. What the poet is trying to express is that we have to realize what is really happening at war and that we have to give more importance to the soldiers that fought in wars.


Task 2

“The Death Bed” and “Soldier Rest!” Are poems which talk about war and how it affected the soldier’s life; from traumas and frightening memories to the inevitable death. In the first one, water is symbolized as death because it is mentioned as something that is really near him. Also, a big contrast is made because first images of light, birds and nature are described, but then, all of a sudden, it starts raining which means water, which means death. Afterwards, the soldier starts thinking about what he could have been, and finally he dies.

In the poem “Soldier Rest!”, the “rest” for the soldier is the end of the war for him. Then, he thinks about how everything will be as before the war, but he doesn’t know all the horrible thoughts and feelings that will remain of this unpleasant experience


Task 3


“Men who march away”

“England’s need are we;

Her distress would leave us rueing:

Nay. We well see what we are doing,

Though some may not see!”


“The Soldier”

“If I should die, think only this of me:

That there’s some corner of a foreign field

That is for ever England”

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